Queensland transfer duty exemptions for farm-in arrangements

by Justin Byrne, Rosalie Cattermole, Andre Dauwalder

The Queensland Office of State Revenue has issued a ruling on how it will apply the transfer duty exemption for

It is proposed that the exemptions will be incorporated in future legislation, and this ruling has been issued pending such legislation.

Some important points to consider:

  1. Transfer duty will not apply to a farm-in agreement where the only consideration for the agreement is an exploration amount.  The only amount upon which duty is payable is for any other consideration not comprising an exploration amount (for example, upfront cash payments, payments for mining information or cash payments upon the actual transfer of the interest).
  2. In relation to a staged farm-in, duty will be assessed and payable on each stage as and when that stage occurs (rather than duty being assessed on all stages upfront).
  3. Transfer duty will be reassessed where the consideration (other than exploration amounts) is altered or additional consideration is paid (for example, where an agreement requires both an upfront cash payment and a subsequent cash payment upon the ultimate transfer of the interest).  In these circumstances, the parties must lodge documents for reassessment within 14 or 30 days (depending on circumstances).  A credit will apply to duty already paid.
  4. Duty will not arise on reassignments of interest to the original permit-holder.
  5. The critical date for when these exemptions apply is 10:30am on 13 January 2012.  That is, transfer duty exemptions will only apply to:

(a) a farm-in agreement made or entered into at or after 10:30am on 13 January 2012; or

(b) a transfer made at or after 10:30am on 13 January 2012, regardless of when the associated farm-in was entered into.


Consider the following example involving a staged farm-in agreement between an exploration permit holder (X) and a party farming into the project (Y).


Consideration paid to X by Y

Type of consideration

Rights gained by Y

Transfer duty applies?



Other consideration

Entry into the agreement



$1 million

Exploration expenditure

Right to acquire a 20% interest in the permit




Other consideration

Access to mining information




Other consideration

Transfer of 20% interest in the permit (Transfer 1)



$2 million

Exploration expenditure

Right to acquire a further 30% interest in the permit




Other consideration

Transfer of a 30% interest in the permit (Transfer 2)


At each stage, the transfer duty will be assessed cumulatively, with credit provided for duty previously paid. Duty assessment for this example would take place as follows:

If Transfer 1 occurs, duty will be payable on the amount of $510,000, being the sum of the consideration at stages 1, 3 and 4.

If Transfer 2 occurs, duty will be payable on the amount of $910,000, being the sum of the consideration at stages 1, 3, 4, and 6.  A credit will apply for duty previously paid in relation to stages 1, 3 and 4.

Next steps

For more information about transfer duty exemption for farm-ins, please contact HopgoodGanim’s Tax or Resources and Energy team.

With offices in Brisbane and Perth, HopgoodGanim offers commercially-focused legal advice, coupled with reliable and responsive service to clients throughout Australia and across international borders.


We welcome your feedback

Hi there! We want to make this site as good as it can for you, the user. Please tell us what you would like to do differently and we will do our best to accommodate!

Protected by FormShield

We've updated our Privacy Statement, before you continue. please read our new Privacy Statement and familiarise yourself with the terms.